The United Nations Human Rights Council(UNHRC) is an intergovernmental body within the
United Nations and acts as a subsidiary body to the United Nations General Assembly(UNGA). It
was created with the UNGA (A/RES/60/251) on 15 March 2006 to replace the previous U.N.
commission on Human Rights. Within its mandate it acts as a body that withholds the responsibility
of states and other international actors to ensure and strengthen the promotion and protection of
human rights by addressing human rights violations and acting as a guiding body to resolve them.
The UNHRC fulfils its mandate with the means of employing special rapporteurs and working
groups to file reports on human rights violations within states. These special rapporteurs and
working groups identify and intervene in individual cases and immediate human rights violations.
These special rapporteurs create reports that are taken into account at the council and published as
press reports for the global community to view.
The members of the UNHRC are being elected on three-year terms by the UN General Assembly
and members are may not hold their seats for over consecutive terms. Although the UNHRC’s
resolutions are not legally binding documents, their reports provide a basis for interpretation of
international law and norms. Furthermore reports by the UNHRC usually do have indirect effects
on designated contributors to human rights violations in that they can have an effect on investment,
trade agreements, strategic co-operation, visa policies and admissions to various international
Agenda Item: Strengthening international provisions against child labor and Reinforcing Business’ Responsibility to Protect Human Rights.